Asian Journal of PEACEBUILDING

Volume 9 Number 2 (November 2021)

Table of Contents

Research Articles

Why is Peace Elusive in Myanmar? An Answer from the Perspective of Thai Philosopher Prawase Wasi

Tony Waters and Somboon Panyakom pp. 305-330 doi: 10.18588/202110.00a159
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We re-evaluate Burmese history from the perspective of Thai philosopher Prawase Wasi who asserts that the basis for society is not simply individuals but the “selfforming group.” He discusses the essential nature of a self-forming group which is embodied in the Thai Buddhist concept of taam, which are sacred virtues emerging from self-organizing groups. In between the taam and self-forming groups are institutions of the state, economy, and education, etc. Prawase Wasi’s approach has been used in Thailand to guide government policies for the last twenty years. In this article, we apply this model to the history of conflict in Burma. We contrast this approach with the more traditional focus on individualism and utilitarianism in western high modernism which typically shapes development policies.

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